INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRACTICE BASED HUMANITIES: Volume 3, December 2019
ART AND EXTINCTION
Guest Editors: Christopher Orchard and James Farley
Christopher Orchard, James Farley: Introduction: Art and Extinction
Krista Caballero, Frank Ekeberg, Gwyneira Isaac: Birding the Future: Messages of migration, connectivity and extinction
Keywords: indigenous knowledge, birds, ecology, art, technology
Birding the Future is an interdisciplinary artwork that explores current extinction rates by focusing on the warning abilities of birds as bioindicators of environmental change. The installation invites visitors to listen to endangered and extinct bird calls and to view visionary avian landscapes through stereographs, sculpture and video. This ongoing project explores how declining bird populations signal profound changes over our entire planet. Birds are a bridge species in that they offer a way to collaborate across environmental issues that are collectively shared, yet separately valued, and enter conversations that would not be possible otherwise. We explore here the methods and technologies used within our artwork and collaborative project with the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and the Pueblo of Zuni to document and communicate the role of birds as messengers of change. We also discuss how through this transdisciplinary and cross-cultural collaboration the project is shifting through learning Zuni community values of “the return”—the annual return of water, birds, and life to the desert as critical elements that defines the cycle of life—not just for an individual or particular place, but for the world as a whole.
Jack Kirne: Staggered Time: Catastrophe, Extinction, and Unsteady Temporalities in Jennifer Mill's 'Dyschronia' (2018)
Keywords: climate change, Jennifer Mills, Dyschronia
There is a tendency in certain spheres—academic and otherwise—to defer ecological catastrophe to an apocalyptic future. According to this logic, a "climatic end-game" is approaching, in which it is the responsibility of "global citizens" now to maintain the relatively stable and safe present against a monstrous future. The constant imagining of the future is troubling for many reasons, partly because it defers the reality of the crisis from the now; the upshot of this is that it minimises the crisis’ of the present. For instance, the idea that a mass animal die-off is symptomatic of an emerging climate crisis, rather than a disaster in its own right, posits the idea that present extinction rates fall into the realm of acceptable loss. More problematically, however, is that this desire to imagine the future as catastrophic necessarily erases the catastrophes of the past. In conversation with Jenifer Mills’ 2018 novel Dyschronia, I argue for what I tentatively call staggered time here, an unsettled temporarily that is neither apocalyptic or certain but rather something 'in-between'. In this in-between, the trauma of extinction—human, non-human and more-than-human is repeated to collapse future, present, and past into a simultaneous co-happening extinction.
Susanne Ferwerda: Extinction and the Art of Erasing: Lucienne Rickard's Extinction Studies
Keywords: Extinction, Anthropocene, multi-species, contemporary art, performance, museum, affect, mourning
When an image is erased, what is lost and what remains? On September 6, 2019, Australian graphic artist Lucienne Rickard started a twelve-month duration performance called Extinction Studies. Each day, with pencil on a single piece of paper, she draws a recently extinct species, only to erase it as soon as its image is complete. The performance takes place at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery (TMAG), a location saturated with histories of local mass extinction events. Two rooms away from Rickard’s performance, another exhibition shows the bones, skins and some of the last known images of the Tasmanian tiger (Thylacinus cynocephalus). The juxtaposition of these two exhibitions draws out the relationship between extinction and the act of erasing. This paper examines the affective nature of erasure and extinction. Rickard’s care for each line she draws and erases, reinforces the physical and emotional investment that twenty-first-century extinction events compel. The difference between the two exhibitions is one of scale and time. Where the permanent thylacine exhibition performs the long durée of erasure and ‘extinction afterlives’ of a single species thought lost since 1936, Extinction Studies simultaneously shows the fast-paced acts of erasure of many species thought lost since the turn of the twenty-first-century.
Jaxon Waterhouse, Samuel Newman: The Quest for the Night Parrot: Activism, Extinction and Allegorical Investigations
Keywords: Yeelirrie, night parrot, extinction, conservation, uranium mining
In August 2019, the Western Australian State Government overturned traditional owner’s appeals against development of a uranium mine at Yeelirrie, a remote location in Western Australia’s Mid West. This decision was made despite EPA reports proving that development will render extinct stygofauna endemic to Yeelirrie and further endanger numerous other species. In response, activist groups and local communities coalesced, attempting to stave off or disrupt this development. As their activity has progressed, however, focus has turned to knowledge of Yeelirrie as the habitat of Pezoporus occidentalis, the night parrot. Long thought extinct, and almost mythological within Australian ornithology and environmental studies, recent evidence points to the bird’s continued existence. In focusing upon this elusive bird, a research-based arts project entitled The Quest for the Night Parrot, has emerged. Whilst searching for evidence of the bird at Yeelirrie to halt Cameco’s activity, this project engages with the history and practice of the hunt for the bird, positioning it as allegorical for the intersection of Western epistemology and traditional knowledge; the search extending beyond the outback into archives, legislation and fictionalised notions of outback and landscape. Enfolded within this project is an understanding that development will be deleterious to not only Yeelirrie’s ecology, but the cultural knowledge embedded within Yeelirrie’s environment. Moreover, it considers ways of maintaining knowledge through industry-caused disruption, seeking creative methodologies for archiving place. This paper introduces the case against Yeelirrie’s development and The Quest for the Night Parrot, through which is considers theoretical and mythological underpinnings found within the clash between the mining industry and environmental/cultural conservation movements.
Yvonne Kaisinger: Frogs as Fortuitous Canaries in our Coal Mine: Silence and amphibian extinction in Mayra Montero's 'In the Palm of Darkness' and Edwindge Danticat's 'Claire of the Sea Light'
Keywords: amphibians, extinction, silence, absence, women
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In The Sixth Extinction, Elizabeth Kolbertob serves that amphibians “enjoy the dubious distinction of being the world’s most endangered class of animals” (17), which is one of the reasons to make the representation of amphibian extinctions in fictional accounts one of the foci of this paper. The search for a frog that is notably absent in Mayra Montero’s In the Palm of Darkness brings to the forefront ecological, political, and economic issues, three remnants of colonialism as well as postcolonialism. The sesame issues are also present in Edwidge Danticat’s Claire of the Sea Light, where amphibians inhabit the contact zones between humans and the environment and thus offer a way for the characters to be actively engaged with them. Discourses that write extinctions and absences by moving away from using animals as mere metaphors and instead ascribe them agency encourage an investigation of the contact zones between humans and animals in fictional texts.In addition, the vanishing amphibians mirror the oppression and silencing of women. This shift of attention on the absence sand silences of women and animals in narratives can benefit and challenge our own understanding of our place in the Anthropocene.
Luna Mrozik Gawler: (Un)imaginable pathways: Cultivating cross-generational care through an ecological methodology in participatory live art.
Keywords: Participatory art, ecological studies, extinction
This paper proposes an ecological methodology for the development and delivery of Participatory Live Art (PLA) that foregrounds multi-species inclusion and contemporary Western approaches to kinship practices. The experiential, embodied format of PLA celebrates sense-based knowledge and imaginative exploration, making it ideal for ecological enquiry, as it draws participants into tactile, sensuous engagement with the material world. To extend upon this potential, I propose a methodology that includes, and is informed by, the sites and species with which any PLA project may intersect. Developed using this methodology and presented here as a case study, Flight Path (2019) examines the links between human culture and insect extinction and questions how less visible extinction narratives can be brought to the foreground of human awareness.
Shaun Wilson: Bullshit Bingo: Designing a response to climate change denialism in critical studio practice
Keywords: Metamodernism, climate change denialism, climate change
The recent public discussions about climate change have brought forward two key points of important discourse. The first is the resistance by climate change denialism to accept science as a means of fact-based validation into the effects of human interference within the natural world and the second is the debate on actions to reduce carbon emissions and global warming. This paper will explore the role of climate change denialism through my critical studio practice as a means of social commentary with discussion informed by the artefacts located in the series ‘Failed Design Experiments of Climate Change Denial Machines’ (2018) exhibited as part of the National Gallery of Victoria's Melbourne Design Week 2018 and ‘The Rise’ (2019).
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRACTICE BASED HUMANITIES: Volume 2, December 2017
HOUSE AND HOME
Guest Editor: Malcom Bywaters
Abbey MacDonald, Vaughan Cruickshank: From the Wing Chair: Stories from and about the experience of living and working in a Tasmanian boarding school
Keywords: a/r/tographic, Tasmania, relationality
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This paper articulates the experience of living and working in a Tasmanian boarding school as told in relation to a sequence of inter-related journeys that intersect and unfold around a domestic object; specifically, a wing chair that has been passed down through three generations of boarding house students, tutors and house masters. Within this article, the researchers unfold an a/r/tographic inquiry that examines entwining inter-generational experiences from and in relation to this wing chair, that through the years, bore witness to distinct yet inter-related personal and professional journeys within a Tasmanian boarding school experience.
Tammy Wong Hulbert: Belonging and the Transient Home: A socially engaged art project
Keywords: Belonging, contemporary art, house and home
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Notions of comfort, safety and familiarity are all themes commonly associated with the idea of home, concepts that can be challenged by migration and mobility. A sense of belonging is critical to the experiences of home, yet recent catastrophes and conflicts have led to an increase in people seeking asylum, resulting in challenges to both the meaningfulness of belonging and a sense of home. Belonging and the Transient Home (2016) was a recent practice-based research project, exploring notions of the Australian domestic experience in relation to migration, asylum seekers and diasporic communities. Central to the project was how artistic processes can contribute to a sense of belonging in a new society and challenge assumption about our social relationship to home and how we may experience the domestic in Australia.
Christopher Orchard: Critical Practices of Place: Decolonisation and reinhabitation
Keywords: Place, decolonisation, reinhabitation
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This paper proposes that a practice-led research methodology embedded with a process of Decolonisation and Reinhabitation as co-dependent forms of analysis can generate a creative practice for environmental mutualism, and, a critical practice of place. The paper further argues that such a practice is necessary in the Anthropocene towards a critical bioregional understanding of ‘living well’ within place. Personal bioregional perspectives on making are interrogated towards the consideration of a new types of cartography; to define the locating of creative ideas and practices to bioregional specificity. The author explores their own domestic history and contemporary practices as case study towards emergent forms of environmental-arts practice.
Shaun Wilson: Scaling Home in Critical Studio Practice
Keywords: Scale, contemporary art, metamodernism
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This paper will discuss the notion of scaled representations of the home in contemporary art from the contextualisation of Metamodernism with attention to oscillation and the condition brought about by experiencing the scaled subject. It will discuss a set of differentiated philosophical ideas relating to, on the one hand, phenomenology and metaphysics contrasted with, on the other hand, speculative realism (SR) and object-oriented-ontology (OOO). Test cases of work from artists Thomas Doyle and Erwin Wurm will be discussed as further analysis to the author’s own critical studio practice, represented by the miniature series ‘Hidden Memory’ (2017)
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRACTICE BASED HUMANITIES: Volume 1, December 2016
THE INAUGURAL EDITION
Malcom Bywaters: House & Home: Malcom Bywaters
Keywords: Fine Arts, Sculpture, House, Finding Home
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The subject of this paper, House and Home is Malcom Bywaters, an Australian sculptor and academic acknowledged for his research specific to memory and domestic family space. Bywaters creative output and published research reflect his interest in the built environment, combined with childhood memory. In this paper I discuss the artist’s origins living on a rural Australian farm, his university years, international travel and the development of his interest in the impact of memory and architectural form on the creative sensibility, starting with his steel sculptural works from 1984 to the key artwork Finding Home, 2012. A sculptural biplane image constructed of wood and paper mache that symbolises a quest to understand the artist’s childhood up bringing on a rural farm in Victoria, Australia with the adult middle class life he now encapsulates. In the paper I elaborate on the Finding Home sculpture as a biplane motif that intentionally engages the audience in contemplating childhood and, by association, house and home.
Robert Lewis: Homo Fuge: Developing the Physio-Vocal Concept of Voice Theatre Lab's Early Productions (2007-2010)
Keywords: Intercultural, Performance, Butoh, Voice, Movement
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This paper discusses the techniques and methods used during rehearsal process and performances of the early physio-vocal exploratory productions staged by the Voice Theatre Lab: White Dark (2007), an adaptation of Christopher Marlowe’s DrFaustus(2007,2008),5(2008),The Oedipus Project(2009)and Iam Nocte (2010). These productions were a result of experiments that took place during training sessions from 2006 to 2010, and was inspired by an eclectic range of Eastern and Western performance practices and techniques, predominantly Butoh, and its affect on the voice. This paper will give an opportunity to review what was involved in the incorporation of previous work done by the cast in preparing for the final performance, such as drawing abstract imagery from the performance text. This resulted in the development of their own original Butoh-Fu score, which subsequently affected physical and vocal action. This form therefore makes way for an intercultural, integrative form of performance highlighting the voice from the ‘inner world’ of the performer.
Shaun Wilson: Building a Memory Palace from the Ars Memoria Tradition through Video Installation
Keywords: Ars Memoria, Memory, Video Installation, Digital Media
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This paper will reflect on the Ars Memoria tradition by establishing new knowledge in the way in which mnemonic rhetoric can be integrated into video installation evidenced through the significant ‘Memory Palace 2017’ (Wilson, 2017) installation. It will position these traditions in relation to the different ways of thinking about memory which will begin with the Greek place and object memory system and end with Matteo Ricci’s late Renaissance Chinese memory palace. One of the key values in the wider Ars Memoria tradition was to locate objects and images into specifically imagined spaces which represented a cognitive way to recall memories through a categorised, cognitive database. These databases were established through specific guidelines located in several key texts that when considered shall first, inform a method by which the video installation can be later developed and second, to attest new knowledge in the ways we might ought to come to terms with the integration of spatialising memory through studio practice.
Chris Henschke: High Energy Practices: Art and Particle Accelerators
Keywords: Media Arts, Particle Accelerator, Science Art
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In this paper I discuss technological, social and epistemic aspects of experimental practice in high-energy physics; and how art / science residencies and collaborations engage with such aspects. I analyse qualities of art / science collaboration, and describe the processes involved in the production of a site-specific work I produced whilst at CERN.